Why does White always move first ?
Up until the late 1800s it was common for the first move being played by white or black, including the great international tournament of 1851. The first recorded rule requiring White to move first was in the rules handbook of the New York 1880 tournament. Later in 1889, world champion Steinitz advocated this as a standard.
John Adams, an economist who represented the Australian Chess Federation in 2015, has revealed that he was contacted by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) radio station in Sydney to comment on the matter of racial controversy in chess, because white always moves first.